Funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche (FNR), this large research project spanned 6 years (2009-2015) and brought together colleagues from history, political science and political philosophy. The “Partizip” projects proved a fertile ground for scholarly exchanges as well as public outreach. The social, economic and political participation of various parts of the population were examined both from an actor-centered perspective and with the tools of discourse analysis and political theory. In a context of enormous social transformations, agricultural practices, labour migration and organization, ethnical and gender discrimination, expulsions and recognition of rights were linked to larger questions of democratisation, nation-building and identity formation processes. The output is a large array of scientific articles, collectively edited volumes and seven PhD projects, some still ongoing, some published in the form of monographies.